In today’s world human life is full of stress and anxiety. There is a seemingly endless struggle to succeed and due to which we most often become oblivious to our health, appearance etc. While on the one hand we ourselves are reckless in maintenance of our body, on the other hand our environment is getting all the more deteriorated day by day. These primary factors have lead to several skin or derm disorders among individuals.
This article will be making its readers acquainted with some of the common and harmful skin disorders along with the manner in which they are caused and can be effectively cured.
1. Eczema- a very general skin disease that leads to skin irritation, dryness, itching and even cracking of skin with bleeding. Eczema is known to be of four types. These are – Atopic Eczema (can result in scratching of skin and skin infection), Allergic Contact Dermatitis (leads to skin irritation), Irritant Contact Dermatitis (dry and irritant skin esp. hands) and Infantile Seborrhoeic Eczema.
Cause- an individual can be affected by Eczema due to different reasons like heredity, environment, age etc.
· The Atopic Eczema is more of heredity transfer.
· Allergic Contact Dermatitis is due to things like cologne, jewelry and other ornaments.
· Irritant Contact Dermatitis is caused by contact with chemicals that harm the skin like poor quality detergents etc.
· Infantile Seborrhoeic Eczema- appears on the scalp of infants.
· Infantile Seborrhoeic Eczema is fully curable within a few months with creams and oils.
· Irritant Contact Dermatitis should be treated with moisturizers to avert dryness of skin.
· Allergic Contact Dermatitis can be treated by keeping away from the elements that cause it.
· Atopic Eczema needs steroids and emollients for its cure.
2. Vitiligo- a disease of skin pigmentation leading to appearance of white spots on body.
· Causes- Accurate causes of the disease that inflicts most of the Americans are not known yet. However, the studies hold heredity and weak immune system to be the causes behind it. High concentration of Hydrogen Peroxide in the environment and the deficiency of essential vitamins and minerals are even estimated to be the reasons for the disease.
· Effects of Vitiligo- the disease does not lead to any discomforts like headache, pain etc. but it hits different areas of body of different individuals. It starts from less and expands gradually. Vitiligo like skin Eczema is mot contagious.
· The disease can be treated in several ways like pseudocatalase cream, pigment transplantation and skin grafting.
3. Psoriasis- is again a very usual skin disease particularly in United States of America. The symptoms of Psoriasis are appearance of lesions with white scales on them on the skin, weakening of skin and joints.
· Causes – heredity or genetic reasons are attributed as reasons of the disease. Due to it the defective immune system the skin cells mature within a relatively much lesser span of time than usual. The skin cells in this case grow within three to four days contrary to their normal duration of 39 days. These cells form lesions on the skin and do not fall off.
· Treatment- Topical treatments are preferred in case of Psoriasis though the disease is more or less incurable.
Besides these three derm disorders there are few others which are not mentioned here. However, the only precautionary measure to skin diseases is to maintain healthy eating habits and hygiene and also be a little more careful towards your skin.